Potential of Coffee Grounds as a Sandy Soil Amendment and its Effect on Growth and Fruit Quality of Strawberry


  • Joyce Nababi African Center of Excellence in Agroecology and Livelihood System, Faculty of Agriculture, Uganda Martyrs University, Nkozi, Uganda
  • Marius Murongo African Center of Excellence in Agroecology and Livelihood System, Faculty of Agriculture, Uganda Martyrs University, Nkozi, Uganda
  • Samuel Obeng Apori School of Food Science Environmental Health, Technological University Dublin, Ireland
  • Issa Balde African Center of Excellence in Agroecology and Livelihood System, Faculty of Agriculture, Uganda Martyrs University, Nkozi, Uganda
  • Joseph Ssemakula African Center of Excellence in Agroecology and Livelihood System, Faculty of Agriculture, Uganda Martyrs University, Nkozi, Uganda


coffee grounds, sandy soil, soil nutrients, fruit quality


Coffee grounds are discarded as solid waste in landfills which makes them an environmental hazard since it contains great quantities of caffeine and tannins. The efficiency of coffee grounds use in sandy soils is still scientifically unsupported and still lacks confirmation on its effect on fruit crops. The study aimed at assessing the potential of Coffee grounds (fresh FCG vs. composted CCG) as a sandy soil amendment and its effect on strawberry growth and fruit quality. The experimental design was a two factorial design conducted in a green house in a layout of Randomized Block Design. Treatment ratios were 3kg of sandy soil as constant mixture with 1kg or 2kg of Coffee Grounds (composted and fresh) and control (Co), replicated 16 times for each treatment. The sandy soil nutrient content (N, P, K, Mg and Ca levels) were significantly high (P-value < 0.05) in CCG (2kg) and FCG (2kg) than in the FCG (1kg), CCG (1kg) and control (Co) at post-harvest analysis. Both CCG treatments produced strawberry plants with highest germination percentage and seed vigour index at 14 days after planting. FCG treatments inhibited plant growth in the first 2 weeks after planting which improved greatly thereafter with no significant difference with the CCG treatments in plant vegetative growth by week 12. CCG (2kg) produced the best significant value for total number of fruits at 86.33 and fruit weight at 7.907. The FCG (2kg) and CCG (2kg) had the highest titratable acidity, soluble sugars and total soluble solids. CCG (2kg) had the highest mean value at 64.61 of ascorbic acid. This study delivers new understanding that experimental treatment of composted coffee grounds in rates of (2kg) gave significantly better results for strawberry in sandy soils compared to the lower rates of (1kg) and the control.


L. Blinová, M. Sirotiak, A. Bartošová, and M. Soldán, ‘Review: Utilization of Waste from Coffee Production’, Res. Pap. Fac. Mater. Sci. Technol. Slovak Univ. Technol., vol. 25, no. 40, pp. 91–101, Jun. 2017, doi: 10.1515/rput-2017-0011.

Thenepalli, Thriveni, Ramakrishna, Chilakala, and Ahn, Ji-Whan, ‘Environmental Effect of the Coffee Waste and Anti-Microbial Property of Oyster Shell Waste Treatment’, J. Energy Eng., vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 39–49, Jun. 2017, doi: 10.5855/ENERGY.2017.26.2.097.

L. Cruz-Lopes, I. Domingos, J. Ferreira, and B. Esteves, ‘A New Way of using Spent Coffee Grounds’, vol. 5, p. 10, 2017, doi: 10.1007/s12959-017-9980-3.

T. Ciesielczuk, C. Rosik-Dulewska, J. Poluszy?ska, D. Mi?ek, A. Szewczyk, and I. S?awi?ska, ‘Acute Toxicity of Experimental Fertilizers Made of Spent Coffee Grounds’, Waste Biomass Valorization, vol. 9, no. 11, pp. 2157–2164, Nov. 2018, doi: 10.1007/s12649-017-9980-3.

L. F. Ballesteros, J. A. Teixeira, and S. I. Mussatto, ‘Chemical, Functional, and Structural Properties of Spent Coffee Grounds and Coffee Silverskin’, Food Bioprocess Technol., vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 3493–3503, Dec. 2014, doi: 10.1007/s11947-014-1349-z.

T. Gomes, J. A. Pereira, E. Ramalhosa, S. Casal, and P. Baptista, ‘Effect of fresh and composted spent coffee grounds on lettuce growth, photosynthetic pigments and mineral composition’, p. 5.

R. Cruz, P. Baptista, S. Cunha, J. A. Pereira, and S. Casal, ‘Carotenoids of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) Grown on Soil Enriched with Spent Coffee Grounds’, Molecules, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 1535–1547, Feb. 2012, doi: 10.3390/molecules17021535.

Ana Cervera-Mata, Alberto Molinero-García, and Juan Manuel Martín-García, ‘Sequential effects of spent coffee grounds on soil physical properties’, vol. 1, no. 12, 2022, doi: 10.1111/sum.12853.

A. Navarro Ramalho, T. Wrobel Kultz, G. Malherbi Byczkovskia, D. Ballmann Groff, H. Stutz Dalla Santa, and Y. Reyes Torres, ‘Content of Caffeine in the Edible Mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus Grown in Coffee Residues’, Orbital Electron. J. Chem., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 174–182, May 2018, doi:


K. Yamane et al., ‘Field Evaluation of Coffee Grounds Application for Crop Growth Enhancement, Weed Control, and Soil Improvement’, Plant Prod. Sci., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 93–102, Jan. 2014, doi: 10.1626/pps.17.93.

D. B. Simon, P. M. Oumarou, B. Jules, C. A. Fanta, T. Desire, and N. Aboubakar, ‘Sandy soil fertility restoration and crops yields after conversion of long term Acacia senegal planted fallows in North Cameroon’, Afr. J. Agric. Res., vol. 13, no. 40, pp. 2154–2162, Oct. 2018, doi: 10.5897/AJAR2018.13283.

S. B.A, A. S.J, A. O.T, and A. O.A, ‘Sandy Soil Improvement Using Organic Materials and Mineral Fertilizer on the Yield and Quality of Jute Plant (Corchorus Olitorius)’, J. Biol. Life Sci., vol. 4, no. 1, Feb. 2013, doi: 10.5296/jbls.v4i1.3224.

Maria Eliza Turek, Karllas Stival Freitas, and Robson Andre Armindo, ‘Spent coffee grounds as organic amendment modify hydraulic properties in a sandy loam Brazilian soil’, vol. 222, pp. 313–321, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2019.06.006.

A. Basu, A. Nguyen, N. M. Betts, and T. J. Lyons, ‘Strawberry As a Functional Food: An Evidence-Based Review’, Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr., vol. 54, no. 6, pp. 790–806, Jan. 2014, doi: 10.1080/10408398.2011.608174.

B. Subraya, D. Madaiah, and M. D. Kumar, ‘Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and physiological parameters of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch) under naturally-ventilated polyhouse’, p. 5.

C. De Tender et al., ‘Chitin in Strawberry Cultivation: Foliar Growth and Defense Response Promotion, but Reduced Fruit Yield and Disease Resistance by Nutrient Imbalances’, Mol. Plant-Microbe Interactions®, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 227–239, Mar. 2021, doi: 10.1094/MPMI-08-20-0223-R.

A. M. R. Abdel-Mawgoud, A. S. Tantawy, M. A. El-Nemr, and Y. N. Sassine, ‘Growth and Yield Responses of Strawberry Plants to Chitosan Application’, p. 9.

L. I. Trejo-Téllez and F. C. Gómez-Merino, ‘Nutrient Management in Strawberry: Effects on Yield, Quality and Plant Health’, p. 30,https://www.researchgate.net/publication/268037619

H. Ahmad et al., ‘Growth, Yield and Fruit Quality of Strawberry (Frageria ananasa Dutch) under Different Phosphorus Levels’, Res. Agric., vol. 2, no. 2, p. 19, Sep. 2017, doi: 10.22158/ra.v2n2p19.

H. A. Sue Edwards, How to make and use compost. 2010.

E. AI-Ramamneh, Z. AI-Rawashdeh, M. Karajeh, and S. Abu-Romman, ‘Plant Response of Strawberry to intra-raw Spacing and Growing Conditions in South of Jordan’, vol. 5, no. 12, p. 8, 2013, doi: 103923/ajps.2013.201.207.

S. Odutola Oshunsanya, ‘Introductory Chapter: Relevance of Soil pH to Agriculture’, in Soil pH for Nutrient Availability and Crop Performance, S. Oshunsanya, Ed. IntechOpen, 2019. doi: 10.5772/intechopen.82551.

Tomislav KARAŽIJA, Tomislav ?OSI?, Boris LAZAREVI?,TeaHORVAT,Marko PETEK, Igor PAL?I?,Nevenka JERBI? 4 ‘Effect of Organic Fertilizers on Soil Chemical Properties on Vineyard Calcareous Soil’, vol. 80, no. 2, p. 7, 2015.

S. O. Apori, M. Murongo, E. Hanyabui, K. Atiah, and J. Byalebeka, ‘Potential of termite mounds and its surrounding soils as soil amendments in smallholder farms in central Uganda’, BMC Res. Notes, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 397, Dec. 2020, doi: 10.1186/s13104-020-05236-6.

M. M. Rady, W. M. Semida, K. A. Hemida, and M. T. Abdelhamid, ‘The effect of compost on growth and yield of Phaseolus vulgaris plants grown under saline soil’, Int. J. Recycl. Org. Waste Agric., vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 311–321, Dec. 2016, doi: 10.1007/s40093-016-0141-7.

A. Nakro, A. Bamouh, O. El Khatib, and L. Ghaouti, ‘Effect of Potassium Source and Dose on Yield and Quality of Strawberry Fruit’, Am. J. Plant Sci., vol. 13, no. 09, pp. 1196–1208, 2022, doi: 10.4236/ajps.2022.139081.

J. K. Suge, M. E. Omunyin, and E. N. Omami, ‘Effect of organic and inorganic sources of fertilizer on growth, yield and fruit quality of eggplant (Solanum Melongena L)’, vol. (6), no. 3, 2011.

T. Vaithiyanathan and P. Sundaramoorthy, ‘The effect of sugar mill effluent on seed germination of green gram (Vigna radiatia L.)’, J. Appl. Adv. Res., vol. 1, pp. 20–24, Jun. 2016, doi: 10.21839/jaar.2016.v1i1.9.

T. Hoque, I. Jahan, M. Islam, and M. Ahmed, ‘Performance of different organic fertilizers in improving growth and yield of boro rice’, SAARC J. Agric., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 153–166, Feb. 2019, doi: 10.3329/sja.v16i2.40267.

J. A. Ojo, A. A. Olowoake, and A. Obembe, ‘Efficacy of organomineral fertilizer and un-amended compost on the growth and yield of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus Thumb) in Ilorin Southern Guinea Savanna zone of Nigeria’, Int. J. Recycl. Org. Waste Agric., vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 121–125, Dec. 2014, doi: 10.1007/s40093-014-0073-z.

A. K. Pandey and A. Singh, ‘Correlation Studies of Soil Properties with Yield of Rice in a Calciorthents’, Int. J. Environ. Clim. Change, pp. 70–74, Jun. 2021, doi: 10.9734/ijecc/2021/v11i430393.

A. Cervera-Mata, J. Martín-García, R. Delgado, M. Sánchez-Marañón, and G. Delgado, ‘Short-term effects of spent coffee grounds on the physical properties of two Mediterranean agricultural soils’, Int. Agrophysics, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 205–216, May 2019, doi: 10.31545/intagr/109412.

M. Kope?, A. Baran, M. Mierzwa-Hersztek, K. Gondek, and M. J. Chmiel, ‘Effect of the Addition of Biochar and Coffee Grounds on the Biological Properties and Ecotoxicity of Composts’, Waste Biomass Valorization, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 1389–1398, Aug. 2018, doi: 10.1007/s12649-017-9916-y.

Zhao Zuoping, Duan Min, Yan Sha, Liu Zhifeng,Wang Qi, Fu Jing, Tong Yan’an ‘Effects of different fertilizations on fruit quality, yield and soil fertility in field-grown kiwifruit orchard’, Biol Eng, vol. 10, p. 10, https://www.ijabe.org.

N. Jayamangkala, P. Sutigoolabud, J. Inthasan, and S. Sakhonwasee, ‘The effect of organic fertilizers on growth and yield of broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica Plenck cv. Top Green)’, p. 7, 2015.

Idem, N.U.A., Ikeh, A, Asikpo, N.S, and Udoh, E.I, ‘Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizer on growth and yield of fluted pumpkin (Telfaria occidentialis, Hook F’, vol. 12, no. 2, p. 11, 2012.

P. A. P. Snr, C. G. Kyere, P. A. P. Jnr, E. Oppong, and G. Twumasi, ‘Effects of Poultry Manure, N. P. K Fertilizer and Their Combination on the Growth and Yield of Sweet Pepper’, Asian J. Agric. Hortic. Res., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 14–22, Jan. 2020, doi: 10.9734/ajahr/2020/v5i130039.

Riffat Ayesha, ‘Influence of different growth media on the fruit quality and reproductive growth parameters of strawberry (Fragaria ananassa)’, J. Med. Plants Res., vol. 5, no. 26, Nov. 2011, doi: 10.5897/JMPR11.1059.

Roussos Peter, Gasparatos, Dionisios, Kechrologou, Konstantina, Katsenos, Peter, and Bouchagier, Pavlo, ‘Impact of organic fertilization on soil properties, plant physiology and yield in two newly planted olive (Olea europaea L.) cultivars under Mediterranean conditions’, vol. 220, Jun. 17AD, doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2017.03.019.

UmmaysalmaKhatun, Ummay kulsum Laily, Akhter-Ul Alam, and Khairul Islam, ‘Performance of organic fertilizer on yield and yield attributes on tomato’, 21, vol. 4, no. 12, 2018, doi: 2411-6610bfj.

Z. Liu, Y. Huang, F. Tan, W. Chen, and L. Ou, ‘Effects of Soil Type on Trace Element Absorption and Fruit Quality of Pepper’, Front. Plant Sci., vol. 12, p. 698796, Jun. 2021, doi: 10.3389/fpls.2021.698796.

P. Kumar, P. R. Meghwal, and D. K. Painuli, ‘Effect of organic and inorganic nutrient sources on soil health and’, vol. 71, no. 2, pp. 222–226, Jun. 2014, doi: 10.9734/ijecc/2021/v11i4333902.




How to Cite

Nababi, J., Murongo, M., Apori, S., Balde, I., & Ssemakula, J. (2023). Potential of Coffee Grounds as a Sandy Soil Amendment and its Effect on Growth and Fruit Quality of Strawberry. International Journal of Formal Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends, 18(1), 22–33. Retrieved from https://ijfscfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Formal_Sciences_Journal/article/view/781