International Journal of Formal Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends <p style="text-align: justify;">The International Journal of Social Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends (IJSSCFRT) is an open access International Journal for scientists and researchers to publish their scientific papers in Social Sciences related fields. IJSSCFRT plays its role as a refereed international journal to publish research results conducted by researchers.</p> <p>This journal accepts scientific papers for publication after passing the journal's double peer review process within 4 weeks. For detailed information about the journal kindly check <a title="About the Journal" href="">About the Journal</a> page. </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">All IJSSCFRT published papers in Social Sciences will be available for scientific readers for free; no fees are required to download published papers in this international journal.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> en-US <p>Authors who submit papers with this journal agree to the <a title="Copyright_Notice" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">following terms</a>.</p> (Prof. Feras Fares) (Laras Lestari) Fri, 24 Feb 2023 10:49:57 +0000 OJS 60 ?stanbul Housing and Land Appraisal System Reform Development Process and Property Values Analysis <p>One of the main problems of developing countries is having difficulties in finding sources for housing finance. In order to solve housing finance problems of a country, institutional systems that have been structured according to its own economic and social conditions should be applied by the government. The main purpose of this study is to determine an appropriate housing finance development designed based on Turkey’s current conditions. In this study, the location of the construction sector in Turkey's economy, development of real estate sector in Turkey, the embryonic period of the housing market, development of criteria and indicators in the housing sector reform in the housing system were investigated. The construction sector is a so-called locomotive instruction of the economy. Turkey in the building industry as one of the economies in this category, especially after the 1980s and is growing constantly evolving. Today, the real estate sector has entered a rapid development process. Importance has been given to user needs in the projects produced and marketability has started to be seen as one of the most important factors of project success. For the solution of the housing problem, all the legal and operational measures taken by the state and the priorities determined are called housing policy. If the housing policy concept is to be examined, how the housing becomes a field of policy-making, how housing policies manifest in developed and underdeveloped countries or the problems encountered in its formation and performance can be studied and explored separately. Housing problems, housing policy and examine engaments held in Turkey on a private housing finance field are reached some conclusions. The first one is the fact that the housing problem is a dynamic structure and may vary periodically in Turkey as it is in the world due to changes in demographic structure, stock depreciation and migration. Second, it is compulsory that the issue of housing as an economic asset increases with the globalization of the world, and that it is necessary to address this issue more carefully in countries that are in the process of transition to global economic integration.</p> <p>Third, the rapid population growth in Turkey (albeit with a relatively slow) will continue in the coming 20-year period together with urbanization, especially the aging of the stocks that make up the majority mania apartment blocks began in 1950-1960's year, worn with together will increase the destruction. A housing policy that is designed with these principles in mind; Financial Interventions to be carried out on housing investments, taxes, loans, housing purchase methods and similar areas, rent control and condominium applications, legal interventions to be carried out on various legal restrictions and incentives and housing standards, housing production types, construction methods and building materials technical interventions. At the end of this study, it is understood that housing finance model based on mortgage backed securities can be applied in the near future in Turkey. However, there are some requirements and regulatory needs must be fulfilled in many fields, such as in law of bankruptcy, tax regulations, law of banking and leasing, capital markets, and real- estate appraisal applications.</p> Pelin Yigit Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Formal Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends Fri, 28 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Model for Face Recognition using EigenFace Algorithm <p>The use of a computer to recognize a person by the means of their face is what is known as face recognition in artificial intelligence. The term biometrics is an umbrella term that includes face recognition as well as signature, fingerprint, eye scanning, gait, and palm print recognition. The principal component analysis technique was used in this paper to extract distinctive features from the faces which are matched with other faces stored in the database and predictive results indicated which faces were recognized and the ones that were not recognized. The accuracy of these techniques was calculated and the principal component analysis technique was found to be 86.3636% accurate and it was concluded that the technique performs better when it comes to face recognition.</p> Vincent Mbandu Ochango Copyright (c) 2023 International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) Sat, 04 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Potential of Coffee Grounds as a Sandy Soil Amendment and its Effect on Growth and Fruit Quality of Strawberry <p>Coffee grounds are discarded as solid waste in landfills which makes them an environmental hazard since it contains great quantities of caffeine and tannins. The efficiency of coffee grounds use in sandy soils is still scientifically unsupported and still lacks confirmation on its effect on fruit crops. The study aimed at assessing the potential of Coffee grounds (fresh FCG vs. composted CCG) as a sandy soil amendment and its effect on strawberry growth and fruit quality. The experimental design was a two factorial design conducted in a green house in a layout of Randomized Block Design. Treatment ratios were 3kg of sandy soil as constant mixture with 1kg or 2kg of Coffee Grounds (composted and fresh) and control (Co), replicated 16 times for each treatment. The sandy soil nutrient content (N, P, K, Mg and Ca levels) were significantly high (P-value &lt; 0.05) in CCG (2kg) and FCG (2kg) than in the FCG (1kg), CCG (1kg) and control (Co) at post-harvest analysis. Both CCG treatments produced strawberry plants with highest germination percentage and seed vigour index at 14 days after planting. FCG treatments inhibited plant growth in the first 2 weeks after planting which improved greatly thereafter with no significant difference with the CCG treatments in plant vegetative growth by week 12. CCG (2kg) produced the best significant value for total number of fruits at 86.33 and fruit weight at 7.907. The FCG (2kg) and CCG (2kg) had the highest titratable acidity, soluble sugars and total soluble solids. CCG (2kg) had the highest mean value at 64.61 of ascorbic acid. This study delivers new understanding that experimental treatment of composted coffee grounds in rates of (2kg) gave significantly better results for strawberry in sandy soils compared to the lower rates of (1kg) and the control.</p> Joyce Nababi, Marius Murongo, Samuel Obeng Apori, Issa Balde, Joseph Ssemakula Copyright (c) 2023 International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) Sat, 11 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of Death Cases of Children Hospitalized at the Koutiala URENI from October 01, 2021 to March 31, 2022 <p>Infant and child mortality remains a major concern worldwide and more particularly in developing countries such as Mali. This is to better understand the reasons for this high mortality in Koutiala in the Sikasso region of Mali. Its objective was to assess the main determinants of deaths of malnourished children under 5 years of age occurring at the URENI (Unit for Recovery and Intensive Nutritional Education) in Koutiala. Materials/Methods: this was a cross-sectional descriptive study that took place in the URENI pediatrics department of the Koutiala reference health center, an exchange with the district management team, the documentary review , Observations on the task of the agents, Interviews of the actors involved in the care, analysis of the medical files of the malnourished children and the individual sheets for the follow-up of the malnourished cases admitted to the URENI. A pre-established framework made it possible to collect data through the admission register of malnourished children. The entry and analysis of the data collected were carried out using SPSS 21.0 and EXCEL 2016 software. Results: Children aged 6 to 23 months who died represented 44.4% and 72.2% were male. 11.1% of the children came from the urban city and 18.1% who were from the rural area; the most frequent type of malnutrition was marasmus with 59.7% followed by kwashiorkor with 20.8%. More than half (88.9%) of the children were seen by referral. Conclusion: this study revealed in Koutiala that marasmus was the most frequent form of malnutrition and many children who died came from outside the health district. It was also noted that infection (sepsis) was the main cause of death of children hospitalized at the URENI in Koutiala.</p> Kone A, Diakite S, Waigalo C, Traore M, Cisse I, Traore D, Sidibe Y, Traore B, Kone B, Diarra K. K Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Formal Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends Sun, 07 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Urban Renewal and its Effect on Real Estate Values, Galataport Project Example, Sishane Region Example <p>Urban projects that cover large areas, include a diversity of urban functions, and prioritize the profit of the investor rather than the public interest, have been used as tools to facilitate transformation. The rediscovery of dilapidated areas and historically important architecture in city centers has laid the groundwork for the organization of cultural and entertainment activities. These urban spaces have been shaped as a part of new consumption habits in the fields of travel, culture and entertainment. In this context, the layers that make up the identity of the enlighteners in the region will be discussed together with the strong elements that make up the identity of the Golden Horn and Galata in the historical process. The formation of the region has been tried to be explained over certain date ranges. For this reason, important dates on which the developments affecting the region were experienced were determined as breaking points. Sishane District has been significantly affected by the developments mentioned, both with its location in the historical center and its craft district structure. These; Galataport and Halicport as projects for the regulation of coastal areas, Tarlabasi Renewal Project, where real estate-oriented transformation is carried out, Halic Metro Bridge and Haliç Tube Passage Project, which are large-scale transportation structures used as a means to generate income, and the 2010 Beyo?lu Development Plan change, which includes important decisions for tourism. With the Tuesday Pazari Cruise Port Project, known as "Galataport", the area used for passenger and freight transportation in the past is being replaced with cultural, tourism and trade functions. For each neighborhood, the prices of the unit square meters of the houses in dollars were calculated. Based on these data calculated later, the average unit square meter prices for the years 1980-1985-1990-1995 and 2000 were determined for each neighborhood. As a result of the analysis made with the collected data; it can be said that the increase in housing prices in the districts affected by this transformation environment is much higher than in other areas. Especially Cihangir is the best example in this sense. Changes in the social structure of the district have also affected the place, and the change in the user profile has shown its effect on housing prices. In this respect, the transformation of the district is similar to the social and spatial renewal process in some similar American cities. The results of this study can serve as an example for the analysis of housing prices in other neighborhoods that are similarly transformed.</p> Pelin Yiğit Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Formal Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends Thu, 20 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Convalescent Plasma Treatment in Patient with Multiple Myeloma and Severe Sars-Cov-2 Infection <p>Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell dyscrasia characterized by uncontrolled cell division, leading mainly to kidney and bone damage. &nbsp;Since it affects the cell specialized in producing antibodies, the disease can cause immunodeficiency. This can be temporarily accentuated by chemotherapy, which could explain the high mortality rate of patients with MM and COVID-19. This report describes a 63-year-old woman with relapsed MM and severe SARS-CoV-2 infection, which presents a clinical picture of progressive deterioration of respiratory function, requiring invasive mechanical intubation because there was no clinical response to the usual treatment; convalescent plasma was administered, evidencing recovery of ventilatory parameters after infusion. The patient was extubated and discharged from the Hospital in good general condition.</p> Fedra Quintero, Carlos Flores-Angulo, Karen Martínez, Ada Hernández, Carmen Vergara Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Formal Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends Mon, 24 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Implementation of The Banker's Code of Ethics In Providing Protection For Bank Consumers <p>Code of ethics are moral principles attached to a profession and arranged systematically. This study aims to determine the proper application of the banker's code of ethics in protecting bank consumers. A code of ethics is needed because there are many more complex demands from society, which is the basis for forming professional organizations. This current research is normative legal research by examining library materials which are secondary legal materials, also called library law research. The results show that the application of a banker's code of ethics can be supported by good banking business management, honest and proper quality professional bankers, and strict enforcement of the banker's professional code of ethics.</p> Raden Besse Kartoningrat, Isetyowati Andayani Copyright (c) 2023 International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) Sat, 18 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 PhET Interactive Simulations: A Tool in Improving Academic Performance of Grade 10 Students in Balancing Chemical Equations <p>The study assessed the effectiveness of PhET interactive simulation as a tool in improving the academic performance of students on balancing chemical equations, which is the least mastered skill in the 4th quarter of grade 10 Science. The subjects of the study are 8 males and 12 females Grade 10 students who were purposely selected for the study. The instruments used in the study were the validated 15-item pretest and the posttest from the Regional Test Item Bank. The items of the test were purely balancing of chemical equations aligned with the learning competency on how to apply the mass conservation principles to chemical reactions, particularly the skills of balancing chemical equations of (in) Grade 10 Science K-12 curriculum. Moreover, the researcher utilized appropriate statistical tools such as the frequency distribution, mean, percentage, and t-test. The paired sample t-test revealed that there is a significant difference between the students' performance before and after the implementation of the PhET interactive simulation. This is established through the t-value of 15.28, which is greater than the t-critical value of 1.729 (15.28&gt;1.729), and a probability value (p value) of .001, which is less than the 0.05 level of significance (.001&lt;0.05). Based on the data presented, it was evident that the use of PhET interactive simulations is an effective tool in improving the academic performance of the student. It is an effective intervention or remediation tool in assisting learners to develop mastery skills in balancing equations. This implies that PhET interactive simulation is an effective tool in improving the mastery level of students in balancing chemical equations, thus increasing academic performance.</p> Evangeline Q. Omoy Copyright (c) 2023 International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) Sun, 26 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Investigation of Yellow Fever Cases in the Manankoro Area, Bougouni Health District, Sikasso Region, December 2019 <p><strong>Introduction </strong>: Following the confirmation of two (2) cases in the health district of Bougouni on 03/12/2019. We conducted an investigation whose objective was to describe the cases of yellow fever in the Manankoro health area in time, place and people and to put in place control and prevention measures against the epidemic. <strong>Methodology </strong>: We conducted a cross- sectional descriptive study in December 2019, a case of yellow fever was any person who stayed in Manankoro or surrounding village between October 20 to December 05, 2019 and who presented during this period the following signs : Fever or notion of fever in the previous days and jaundice in the 2 weeks following the onset of the signs . We conducted a search for other unreported cases based on data collected using a questionnaire. The data was analyzed in time, place and person.</p> <p><strong>Results </strong>: Case confirmed by the laboratory , this is a 25-year-old adult , farmer , male gender , residence Kémingouara / Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, came on November 06, 2019 for consultation at the Lafia cabinet in Manankoro in a table of coma and referred to the CSRéf of Bougouni for better care where Hey died 11 hours after his blood sample on 08/11/2019. <strong>Conclusion </strong>: The investigation made it possible to identify 12 additional cases among which 3 cases of death , the age group of 30 to 34 years was the most represented , that is to say 33%. The male sex was predominant with 10 boxes. Fever, jaundice and vomiting were the most frequent symptoms . The Aedes species responsible for yellow fever was not found during this investigation.</p> Dr Soungalo Diakite, Dr Dramane Traore, Dr Djibril Barry, Dr Bénoît Traore, Dr Daouda Niare, Mr. Demba Koita, Dr Chaka Sanogo, Dr Yacouba Kone, Mr Ousséni Bagayoko, Dr Yiriba Diarra, Dr Moussa Camara, Dr Mala Sylla, Dr Djemoutery Justin Sanou, Dr Kalifa Diarra, Dr Aimé Christophe Dembele, Dr Hanine Keita, Dr Bouyagui Traore, Mr Souleymane Coulibaly, Dr Cheick Abou Coulibaly Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Formal Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends Sun, 07 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000