Information Technology Use and Evidence-Based Practice among Librarians in University Libraries in South-West, Nigeria


  • Dr. Chinyere Ikonne Babcock University, Ilishan Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • Ojo Adereolu Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, PMB 5363, Nigeria


Evidence-based Librarianship, Evidence-based practice, Information technology use, Mission, Organizational culture


Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a professional approach that involves the process of collecting, interpreting and integrating valid and reliable data in decision making in library practice to enhance continuous professional improvement. The concept gives additional value to library and information science in many aspects of librarianship activities and services. The study investigated information technology use and evidence-based practice among librarians in universities in South-West, Nigeria. This study adopts survey research methodology and used questionnaire for data collection. The data collected was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings of the study revealed that the level of evidence-based practice of librarians was high on the scale of four (4). The finding further shown that information technology use influenced evidence-based practice of librarians in universities in South-West, Nigeria. The study concluded that information technology use is crucial to evidence-based practice of librarians in universities in South-West, Nigeria. The study recommended that appropriate policies should be introduced and implemented by library management and professional librarians in continuous training and retraining of librarians on evidence-based practice implementation and information technology use.


.N M. Ida., A. M. Zuraidah and M. S. Shamila. ‘Evidence-Based Librarianship in Malaysia’. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences. Vol. 7., 2017.

. B. Cole and P. Ryan. Public Libraries. In D. Koufogiannakis and B. Brettle. Being Evidence-Based Library and Information Practice. Vol.5., 43-47, 2016.

. S. Hiller., and M. Self. ‘When the evidence is not enough: Organizational factors that influence effective and successful Library assessment.’ Performance Measurement and Metrics. Vol.9., 223-230. 2008.

. H. D. Astrat., and H. B. Mekonnen. ‘Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice: the experience of Nursed and Midwives’. Plos one 16(8) http://soi.10.1371/journal.pone0256600. 2021.

. M. R. Aliyu., ‘Librarians’ Perception of Evidence-Based Library and Information Practice and Information Society as Vital Tools for National Development’. Journal of Applied Information Science and Technology 9(1). 2016.

. University of Maryland Health Science and Human Services Libraries. ‘Evidence-Based-Practice Tutorial: Steps in the Evidence-Based Practice Process’. https.// Eleven Guides . 2020.

. A. K. Akobeng. ‘Principles of Evidence-based Medicine’ Archives of Disease in Child. 90(8), 837 – 840. 2005

. University of Menisota Crovokston. Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Sources. 2023.

. P. Andrea. ‘Implementing Evidence-Based Practice: A Clinician Perspective’ . 2020

. O. P. Biliamin, C. U. Ngozi and R. Nafisa. ‘What’s Happening Over there? A Study of the Current State of Services, Challenges and Prospects in Nigerian Medical Libraries’. Journal of the Medical Library Association 108(3). 2020.

. E. Zahra, P. Zadieh, M. Afsaneh, and A. RouhAllah, ‘Impact of Information Technology on Efficiency of Evidence-Based Medicine: A Systematic Review’. BMJ, 2016

. S. Ghavifekr, & W. A. Rosdy. ‘Teaching and Learning with Technology: Effectiveness of ICT integration in schools’. International Journal of Research in Education and Science. 1(2), 175-191. 2015.

. M. Pomffyova. ‘Management of Information Systems’. In Tech. https://doi.105772/ interxhopen 68966. 2018

. E. A. Ogbonaya. ‘The Impact of Technology Acceptance Model on the Use of Information and Communication Technology in Training’. International journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science 4 (4). 140-146. 2020

. J. Ubogu ‘Impact of Information Technology in Nigerian University libraries.’ Open Access Library Journal. 2019.

. C. Ntohla. ‘Law of Evidence. Police Training College Lecture Note. A Paper Presented at the Police Conference Held on 27th August, 2018 Compiled by Senior Inspector Sehloho in Lesotho’ 2-3. 2018.

. L. Jonathan., C. Tony., M. Chris., M. Laura, & L. Susan. ‘Conceptualizing and Combining Evidence for Health System Guidance.’ Canadian Health Services Research Foundation. 1-7. 2005.

. R. E. Upshur. ‘The Status of Qualitative Research as Evidence in the Nature of Qualitative Evidence (Morse J. M., Swanson J. M. & Kuzel A. J., eds). Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA. 5-26. 2001.

. D. koufougiannakis.’What is Evidence’? Evidence-Based Library and Information Practice. 6(2), 1-3. 2011C.

. J. E. Davies. Culture, Capability and Character in applying Evidence to service enhancement and development: An Exploration. World Library and Information Congress. 73rd IFLA General Conference and Council, Durkban, South Africa. http://archive. 2007.

. A. Booth. and A. Brice. ‘Evidence-Based Practice for Information Professionals: A Handbook’. 60. 2004.

. T. Clack and H. Alisa. ‘Applied and Conceptual Approaches to Evidence-Based Practice in Research and Academic Libraries’. LIBER Quarterly 30(1). 2020.

. Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. ‘Evidence-Based Practice for Effective Decision Making’. 2022

. C. H. Chiwuala.’ Evidence-Based Decision making in Nursing: a concept analysis’. World Nursing Education and Evidence-Based Practice Conference. August 20 -21. 2018.

. B. Eric., M. R. Denise., and B. B. Rob. ‘Evidence-Based Management: The Basic Principle’. Center for Evidence-based Management. 1-20. 2014.

. C. Chou-ping. ‘Nurse Practitioners’ Evidence-Based Practice Belief, Implement Confidence and Barrier.’ 23rd World Nursing and Healthcare Conference, July,10- 12, Berlin, Germany. 2017.

. M. Khammarnia., M. Haj Mahammadi., Z. Amanim., S. Rezaeian., and F. Sefoodehzadeh. ‘Barriers to Implementing of Evidence-Based Practices in Zahedan Teaching Hospital, Iran’, Nursing Research and Practice,2015.

. J. Stander., K. Grimmer., and V. Brink. ‘Time as a barrier to Evidence-Based uptake in a qualitative exploration of the concept of time for Clinical Practice guideline uptake by Physiotherapists’. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 27(2), 280-290. 2021.

. M. Khammarnia., M. Haj Mahammadi., Z. Amanim., S. Rezaeian., and F. Sefoodehzadeh. ‘Barriers to Implementing of Evidence-Based Practices in Zahedan Teaching Hospital, Iran’. Nursing Research and Practice,2015.

. P. Jordan., C. Bowers., and D. Morton. ‘Barriers Implementing Evidence-Based Practice in a Private Intefnsivef Care Unitf in the Eastern Cape’. South African Journal of Critical Care. 32, 50-54. 2016.

. A. Booth, and A. Brice. ‘Evidence-Based Practice for Information Professionals: A Handbook.’ 60. 2004.

. University of Maryland Health Science and Human Services Libraries. ‘Evidence-Based-Practice Tutorial: Steps in the Evidence-Based Practice Process.’ https.//Eleven Guides . 2022.

. Springer Publishing Company. ‘The Seven basic steps of Evidence-Based Practice’. 2021.

. E. Zahra., P. Zadieh., M. Afsaneh, and A. RouhAllah. ‘Impact of Information Technology on Efficiency of Evidence-Based Medicine: A Systematic Review.’ BMJ, 2016.

. U. H. Amanda., S. Yamato., and K. Sandy. ‘The role Information Technology in improving the competitiveness of small and SME Enterprises IAIC Transaction on sustainable.’ Digital Innovation 3(2) 168-174. 2022.

. H. Rawwary., F. Masad., O. Enaizaan, B. Eneizan., M. Adeileh., A. Saleh., and R. Almeslarihi. ‘Factors Affecting Jordanian Electronic Banking Services’. Management Science Letters 10(4), 915-922. 2020.

. I. A. Ade. ‘Executive Role in the Use of Information Technology in Public Organizations.’ Journal of Business Management and Accounting, 4(1), 17-32. 2020.

. A. Gazmend and S. Urim. ‘Use of Information Technology in Academic Library Practice’. International information and library review. 54(4). 380-386. 2022.

. A. K. Kariuki.’ Impact of Information on Organizational Performance: Case of Population Services in Kenya’. A Research Project Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Award of the Degree of Master of Business Administration (MBA), School of Business, University of Nairobi. 1-12. 2015.

. B. H. Nazire., and B. Ugur. ‘External and Internal Barriers in Technology Integration: A Structural Regression Analysis’. Journal of Information Technology Education. 19. 2020.

. S. Bahae. Revisiting Technology Resistance: Current Insights and Future Directions. Australia Journal of Information Systems 22. 2018.

. O. D. Oluwole. ‘Technology Acceptance Model as a Predictor of Using Information System to acquire Information Literacy skills’. Library Philosophy and Practice. Htt://digital.commo sf. 2016.

. M. Amit., A. Arun., and M. Ruchin. ‘Predicting University Students’ Adoption of Mobile News Application Intention: the Role of Perceived Hedonic Value and New Motivation’. International Journal of E-services and mobile Applications 12(4), 42-59. 2020.

. A. Fagbe., R. C. Amanze, S. Oladipo., E. Oyenuga, & O. O. Adetunji. ‘The Role of Information Technology (IT) in the Academic Library’. Paper Presented at the 3rd School of Education and Humanities International conference on the Future of Higher Education: Africa. August 24 – 26, 2015.

. P. Abhipsa., H. Tejaswini., H. RahulDe., and R. Raghav. ‘Contextual Facilitators and Barriers Influencing the continued use of Mobile Payment Services in Developing Countries:’ Insight form adopters in India. Information Technology for Development 26(2), 394-420.

. A. Raghunath. ‘In Survey Sampling Theory and Application.’ Retrieved from www.sciencedirect. com. 2017.

. A. Ahmad. S. Musab., A. Sale., Y. ‘Ahmed. Validity and Reliability of new Instruments for measuring Patient satisfaction with removeable, dentures, Arabic Version’. BMC Oral Health 21(446). 2021.

. G. Ryle. ‘Knowing How and Knowing That.’ The Presidential Address Proceedings of the Aristotelian society 46, 1-16. 1945.

. L. Luo. ‘Experiencing Evidence-Based Library and Information Practice (EBLIP): Academic Librarians Perspective.’ College and Research Libraries 79(4). 2018.

. H. C. Deborah and V. Kathryn. ‘Librarians contributions to Evidence Synthesis Programs: Addressing the Covid 19 Infodemic’. Chicago Journals 93(1). 2022.

. H. M. Wan., S. Norshila., Y. Halida., and B. Norhayat. ‘The Importance of Measurement and Evaluation of Works in Academic Libraries’. International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development 7(3). 2018.

. Z. Maryam., N. Leila., D. Zahra., G. Arazoo and K. Sedegheh. ‘Skills and key education needed for Clinical Librarians: an exploratory study from the Librarians Perspectives’. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making. 21(240). 2021.

. G. Nastra. ‘Evidence-Based Medicine: ‘The Role of the Health Sciences Librarian’. Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal) 6627. http://digital 2021.

. F. Davies., R. Bangozzi., and R. Warshaw. ‘Percieved Usefulness, Percieved Ease of Use and User Acceptance of Information Technology’. MIS Quaterly 13(3), 319-340. 1989.

. C. David., J. Chastene., W. Zellah, and J. Mia. ‘A Proposed Electronic Selective Dissemination of Information through SMS and Email in Academic Library’. Library Philosophy and Practice. (e-journal)

. P. Indiran., and H. Muhammad. ‘Impact of Information Technology on Innovation in determining Firm performance’. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development 10(6), 643-653. 2018.

. O. Chuks. ‘Information Technology Capability, Organizational Learning and Innovation Performance of Firms in Kenya’. Journal of Knowledge Economy. 2022.

. M. K. Sahabi and E. S. Unobe. ‘Information and Communication Technology Tools for Sustainable Development in Nigerian University Libraries’. International Journal of Academic Library and Information Science. 9(9) 432-438.




How to Cite

Dr. Chinyere Ikonne, & Ojo Adereolu. (2023). Information Technology Use and Evidence-Based Practice among Librarians in University Libraries in South-West, Nigeria. International Journal of Formal Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends, 19(1), 20–37. Retrieved from